Table tennis is a great way to spend time with friends and family during the holiday season. It’s normally a therapeutic game—but what happens when it starts getting competitive? This guide shows you a few styles of holding your paddle, or bat, so you can find your rhythm and improve your game.

Grip styles

There are three main categories of grip: shakehand, penholder and unorthodox. Most people use a variation of shakehand, while many eastern players use the penholder variation, and even fewer yet use a series of unorthodox paddle grips. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages. So, much like learning to snowboard, write, kick or throw a ball, you’ll have to learn which style suits you best.

Shakehand grip

Pretend you’re shaking someone’s hand, but instead of a hand, you place the handle of the paddle in your palm. Your pinky, ring and middle fingers wrap around the handle, and your thumb rests comfortably on the top of the handle. Your pointer finger points straight along the bottom part of the rubber on the opposite rubber face as your thumb.

Brunswick Shakehand Grip.JPG

– Some people wish to move the handle further up in their hand so that their fingers blog less of the rubber area.
– Some people prefer tilting their hand inward while holding their paddle, effectively moving their pointer finger more toward the middle of the rubber.

The benefits of this all-around and popular grip are spin, power and reach. Most players use a variation of this grip because it offers a lot of flexibility. Free range of motion in the wrist allows you to perform several types of spin and serves without strain.

There is only one main caveat of this hold. It forces players to make a split second decision in the case where the ball is hit directly center of the body—do you use your forehand or backhand? Good legwork and quick decision making can often save players from having to make this decision.

Penhold grip

Hold the handle of your paddle like you would a pen with the rubber head end below your hand. Your pointer finger should be curled around the handle and almost touching your thumb. Your other three fingers should be curled on the other side of the paddle like they support a pen.

Brunswick Penhold Grip.JPG

– Japanese penhold grips generally have the tips of their bottom three fingers spread and touching the rubber.
– Korean penhold grips spread the three fingertips even further while touching the rubber.

The benefits of the penhold grip varieties are the natural feeling forehand and incredible topspin you can accomplish with this style. Many top eastern players use a penhold grip and stay competitive.

The penhold grip doesn’t allow for the most versatile backhand motion and generally uses one side of the paddle—the forehand side—to rally the ball. This means that you’ll have a lot more legwork if you’re going to properly cover your backhand. If you’re dead set on the penhold grip, you can also rotate your wrist 180 degrees to perform a backhand with the opposite side of the paddle. This will allow you to perform a backhand with topspin, but is more difficult to master.


There are a number of unorthodox grips that take variations of the previously mentioned grips and drastically change the holding style. For this guide, we’ll focus on the Seemiller grip, made famous by Daniel Seemiller. This grip is made by putting your thumb and pointer finger in the shape of an L and then continuing to grip like the shakehand option. You should end up with your pointer finger and thumb on opposite ends of the same rubber face.

Brunswick Unorothodox Grip.JPG